Yoga's Past, Present, and Future

12-hour online course

with Dr. Mark Singleton


What does it mean to practice yoga in the world today? In what ways has yoga been shaped by the global forces of modernity, and in what ways does it remain "traditional" or "authentic"? What does the future of yoga look like? 

Join renowned yoga scholar and author, Dr. Mark Singleton, and a global cohort of students, for this exciting and timely opportunity to study yoga's past, present, and future. 

Yoga's Past & Present

Yoga is changing. In its encounter with global modernity, relatively stable forms of practice and belief that have characterised yoga throughout its history are undergoing a revolution. In this online course we focus on some of the most important of these changes, beginning with the state of yoga immediately prior to the the "modern yoga renaissance" of the late-nineteenth century, and continuing with a reassessment of the history of āsana. What has been lost, and what gained, by yoga's popularisation? And what might a truly 'authentic' modern yoga look like?

Yoga's Present & Future

In the second half of the course, we turn to yoga's long and tangled relationship with psychology. Psychology is at the heart of secularised spirituality today. How does yoga change when it is assimilated into psychology? What kinds of beliefs about human beings, ultimate values, and meaning in the world does it generate? Taking the example of the "dharma industry", we will consider the creation of a new kind of yogic subject in the world today. Finally, we look to the exponential rise of technology, and the way it is changing the culture of yoga around the world. Are we already cyborg yogis? Are technological advances in yoga practice compatible with the "traditional" goals of yoga? And what does this mean for the future of yoga?

This broad-ranging examination of yoga's history draws on Dr. Mark Singleton's decades-long research, casting new light on what it means to practice yoga in the world today.

Course Modules

Module 1 — How did we get here? Yoga on the Cusp of Modernity

The first module explores the state of yoga on the eve of the modern period, looking at how traditional forms of yoga were adapted and blended with hybrid forms to produce new, globalised forms of philosophy and practice. What was traditional yoga practice at this time? And what do we mean when we speak of "modern yoga"? Are modern practices really "authentic" and "traditional", or are we caught in a more tangled and complex relationship with the past? This first module aims to give students the critical tools to examine modern yoga forms in relation to the past.


Module 2 — Transformations of the Yoga Body

In this module we will consider the colourful history of modern postural yoga in the modern era. The practice of āsanas has become the mainstay of global yoga; indeed, these practices of stretching, balancing and moving have almost become synonymous with yoga itself. But the practice of āsana, and its goals, have always adapted and morphed according to new cultural contexts. Millions of people around the world practice yoga āsanas: where do the practices come from, and where are they going? This module will offer a retrospective and a reassessment of the book Yoga Body, ten years after its first publication.


Module 3 — Psychology, Spirituality, and 'Modern Dharma'

Psychology and modern yoga came into being at the same time, and they share a common, complex history. In this module, we will look at the way yoga has been transformed by its interraction with psychology, and how psychology has assimilated the theory and practice of yoga. If psychology is the secular religion of our age, how has the function of yoga changed as it has been subjected to the logic of modern psychology? What stories does psychology tell us about ourselves, and are those stories real? With a focus on 'modern dharma', we will see how contemporary yoga culture has offered us strange new ways of understanding ourselves and our significance in the world.


Module 4 — Futures of Yoga: Technology, Religion, and the Climate Crisis

In this final module, we will look at some new directions in the history of yoga. Yoga's ever-closer relationship with technology signals an exciting, and perhaps worrying, turn in its history. What happens when the human becomes machine? What happens when yoga becomes post-human? And what, if anything, prohibits us from using current and near-future technologies to achieve the traditional goals of yoga, up to and including super-powers and machine-generated ‘liberation’ from the human condition? Finally, we consider yoga in light of climate breakdown, and the cataclysmic changes predicted for our planet.

All students enrolled in this course will receive:

  • 4 pre-recorded video lectures (90 min)
  • 4 pre-recorded Zoom Q&A sessions (90 min)
  • 4 YS Credits
  • 12 Hours of CE credit with YA
  • Course Syllabus (PDF)
  • Weekly Readings (PDF)
  • 4 Multiple Choice Quizzes (for fun)
  • 4 Weekly Handouts (PDF)
  • Yogic Studies Certificate upon completion (PDF)
  • Access to the private Yogic Studies Online Community Forum

Your Instructor

Dr. Mark Singleton specializes in the history of yoga in tradition and modernity. His groundbreaking scholarship has been instrumental in shaping the modern academic field of Yoga Studies. He is Senior Research Fellow at SOAS University of London, where he works on the Haṭha Yoga Project, a five-year research project mapping a thousand years of yoga history through texts and ethnography. 

He is the author of Yoga Body, The Origins of Modern Posture Practice (2010), and co-author (with James Mallinson) of Roots of Yoga (2017). He has authored many articles and book chapters on yoga history, and has edited four volumes of yoga scholarship. He is currently working on a book project on the relationship between Yoga and Technology. 

Enrollment is OPEN for Self-Study

Sign up today and receive immediate access to all modules with one of the following tuition options:

Regular Tuition



• Lifetime access to YS 113


Regular Tuition

$88 x 2


• Lifetime access to YS 113





  • Access to YS 113
  • Access to all YS + BS courses—including live and future courses 
  • Access to SKT 100a + SKT 100b

This course is eligible for 12 hours of Continued Education (CE) credits with Yoga Alliance

"Dr. Mark Singelton's History of Yoga course surpassed expectations- a welcome respite from Covid restrictions. All the facilitators--Kate, Sabbi and Mark--were inspiring, kind and intelligent. The course was rolled out seamlessly and the interactive portion was beyond informative. It very much had an inclusive and honest community feel. The attention and thought that Dr. Singleton gave to participants' queries was remarkable. He was patient and conscientious to a fault. Instead of feeling intimidated with his breadth of scholarship and the extensive ground covered, one felt encouraged to think, read and explore more. Grateful to have been apart of such an enriching course. Thank you, Yogic Studies."

Ani Laura Pidedjian, New York

"I wish every yoga teacher could take this course. Dr Mark Singleton presents all the topics in a way that invites to critical thinking and analysis from multiple perspectives. Despite being one of the most knowledgable scholars in the field, Dr Mark Singleton is humble, approachable and open to hear anybody's point of view. I am so grateful I got to learn from him right before his retirement!"

Gimena Mazzetti
E-RYT 200, RYT 500, YACEP, Seattle, WA.

"This course gave me a 360 degree view on the history, present and future of yoga, thanks to the great insights and lectures offered by Dr. Mark Singleton. He made the topics and arguments accessible and understandable for a wider and generic public, not necessarily academics or experts in yoga. Not only did I learn a lot from this course, but also I was inspired to dig deeper into these topics and continue studying and exploring. Thank you to the wonderful team of YS!"

Diana Corica
Yoga student and apprentice teacher, Lugano (Switzerland)

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