SKT 302 | Pātañjalayogaśāstra: Pāda 2

Available for Self-Study


Course Description

The Yogasūtra of Patañjali, a brief Sanskrit composition consisting of 195 more or less obscure sentences in Sanskrit, is frequently depicted as the foundation of Yoga philosophy. The work has been translated from its original Sanskrit into more than 40 languages over the last 150 years, and is the most widely received Sanskrit composition in the modern globalized world. It provides Yoga practitioners and philosophers in South Asia and beyond with inspiration and guidance concerning Yoga theory, philosophy, and practice.

The iconic status of the Yogasūtra in the modern world sharply contrasts with the state of academic research on this work and its original historical, cultural, religious, and philosophical contexts, which, even after 200 years, is still in its infancy. However, it has become evident that the Yogasūtra was composed around the year 400 CE, probably together with its oldest preserved commentary, the so-called Yogabhāṣya, by the author-redactor Patañjali. The sūtras and their original commentary, which have the common Sanskrit title Pātañjalayogaśāstra, i.e., “The Authoritative Exposition of Yoga by Patañjali,” teach how suffering in the cycle of transmigration can be overcome through a unique insight derived from yogic meditation.

For everybody interested in Yoga, Indian philosophy, and religion, the Pātañjalayogaśāstra is thus an eminent source of information that is ideally studied in its original Sanskrit.

Course Text

The present course offers the opportunity for students with basic knowledge of Sanskrit to gain access to the Pātañjalayogaśāstra by reading and interpreting the second chapter of this work in the earliest so-far known text version under the guidance of Dr. Philipp A. Maas—an internationally renowned scholar who has published widely on the philosophy, meditations, and practice of Pātañjala Yoga as well as on the textual and reception history of the Pātañjalayogaśāstra.

Students will be provided with a PDF of the Sanskrit text—no outside text is required for purchase. 

In this course we will be readinging the second chapter (pāda) of the Pātañjalayogaśāstra, which deals with Yoga practice in relation to the metaphysical and psychological foundations of Yoga. More specifically, the following topics are comprehensively discussed in fifty-five sūtras plus commentary:

  • The Yoga of actions (kriyāyoga) (1–2)
  • The afflictions (kleśa) (3–9)
  • The means to eliminate the afflictions (10–11)
  • Karma (12–14)
  • Universal suffering (15–16)
  • The cause of suffering (17–22)
  • Avoiding suffering (25–27)
  • The eightfold Yoga (aṣṭāṅgayoga) as the means for avoiding suffering (28–29)
  • Commitments (yama) (30–31)
  • Obligations (niyama) (32–45)
  • Posture (āsana) (46–48)
  • Breath control (prāṇāyāma) (49–53)
  • Retraction (pratyāhāra) (54–55)


We recommend students have 1-2 years of experience studying Sanskrit to get the most out of this course. However, you are welcome to try, and will not be turned away for lack of experience. While it is not required students are encouraged to explore the first chapter of the Pātañjalayogaśāstra in SKT 301 | Pātañjalayogaśāstra: Pāda 1, available now for self-study. 

Students Will Receive: 

  • 24 Pre-recorded video + audio sessions (90 min each)
  • 5 YSACP Credits
  • 36 Hours of CE credit with YA
  • Sanskrit edition of the Pātañjalayogaśāstra (PDF)
  • Additional Readings (PDF)
  • 12 Multiple Choice Quizzes
  • Yogic Studies Certificate upon completion (PDF)
  • Access to the private Yogic Studies Online Community Forum

Dr. Philipp Maas

Research Associate, Universität Leipzig

Dr. Philipp Maas is currently a research associate at the Institute for Indology and Central Asian Studies, University of Leipzig in Germany, where he works on a digital critical edition of the Nyāyabhāṣya, a Sanskrit work on spiritual liberation through proper reasoning. Previously he had served as an assistant professor and postdoc researcher at the Department of South Asian, Tibetan and Buddhist Studies at the University of Vienna, the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and the University of Bonn Germany.

He received his M.A. (1997) and Dr. phil. (2004) degrees from the University of Bonn, where he had completed studies in Indology, Comparative Religious Studies, Tibetology and Philosophy. His first book (originally his PhD thesis) is the first critical edition of the first chapter (Samādhipāda) of the Pātañjala Yogaśāstra, i.e. the Yoga Sūtra of Patañjali together with the commentary called Yoga Bhāṣya. He has published extensively on classical Yoga and Sāṅkhya philosophy and meditation, Āyurveda, the relationship of Pātañjalayoga to Buddhism as well as on the textual tradition of the Pātañjalayogaśāstra. He is a member of the “Historical Sourcebooks on Classical Indian Thought” project, convened by Prof. Sheldon Pollock, to which he contributes with a monograph on the development of Yoga-related ideas in pre-modern South Asian intellectual history.

Enrollment is OPEN for Self-Study

Regular Tuition


One-Time Payment

  • Lifetime access to SKT 302

Regular Tuition

$125 x 3

Three Monthly Payments

  • Lifetime access to SKT 302

Pātañjalayogaśāstra Series

This course is part of a series of courses on the Pātañjalayogaśāstra taught by Dr. Philipp Maas. Students can sign up for any course individually, and are not required to take them in any particular order. Or enroll in both and save with the special bundle. 

Pātañjalayogaśāstra Bundle


One-Time Payment

  • Access to SKT 301 + SKT 302

  • Save $150 by enrolling in both courses! 


This course is eligible for 36 hours of Continued Education (CE) credits with Yoga Alliance

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